Squamous cell carcinoma

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Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second-most common form of skin cancer. It usually occurs on sun-exposed areas, initially as a pink scaly area which can become raised and crusted as it grows. SCC can arise from solar keratoses or "sun spots", and is more common in people with immune system problems, sometimes caused by medication, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Squamous cell carcinoma is more common in smokers.Very early "superficial" squamous cell carcinomas can be treated effectively with cryotherapy (freezing) or a cream applied to the skin. However most SCCs need to be surgically removed.In most cases, SCC is easily cured medically or surgically but occasionally it spreads to other parts of the body causing serious illness.



Excision is a minor surgical procedure where a doctor cuts out a spot or lump on the skin. This enables diagnosis of the removed piece of skin by a skin pathologist.


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